Despite progress, new HIV diagnoses in Europe ‘alarmingly high’

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The report, which CNN reported Tuesday, reveals that in 2017, of the almost 160,000 people diagnosed with HIV in Europe, 130,000 of those were in Eastern Europe - the highest ever in the latter region.

Since the start of the AIDS epidemic in the 1980s, more than 77 million people worldwide have become infected with HIV and nearly half of them died of AIDS.

"Rates of newly diagnosed HIV infections for 2017 varied significantly among countries in the WHO European Region, with the highest rates per 100 000 population observed in the Russian Federation (71.1), Ukraine (37), Belarus (26.1) and the Republic of Moldova (20.6), and the lowest in Bosnia and Herzegovina (0.3), Slovakia (1.3) and Slovenia (1.9)", the report reads. A lot of progress has been made, but there is still much more we must do.

The latest figures from PHE show that in 2017, 92% of people living with HIV in the United Kingdom have been diagnosed, 98% of those diagnosed were on treatment, and 97% of those on treatment were virally suppressed. "The messages reflect, therefore, this reality, with more prevention tools at our disposal, "says Manuel Grilo, considering that" for full access to information and treatments", it will be necessary to" reduce barriers, inequality and stigma ".

The increase in new HIV diagnoses continued for the WHO European Region as a whole, but its pace was slower than in previous years.

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Since the start of the AIDS epidemic in the 1980s, more than 77 million people worldwide have become infected with HIV. Every second, the disease was in an advanced stage, when she was diagnosed. It is important not to delay if you have put yourself at risk. An estimated 92% of the of 102,000 people living with HIV in Britain have been diagnosed, according to Public Health England (PHE).

The increase in HIV cases across Eastern Europe is mostly attributed to the insufficiency of preventive measures, Masoud Dara of WHO Europe revealed.

However, this is outweighed by the fact that last year's numbers ballooned to 160,000 new cases, with 130,000 coming from Eastern Europe, a record high for the region.

HIV diagnoses are falling in the European Union and European Economic Area, thanks to more widespread testing, fast treatment and the roll-out of pre-exposure prophylaxis. Injecting drugs and heterosexual intercourse are the most common reasons for the transmission of the disease in this region.

In a report published on 29 November 2018, PHE said the UK had met all of the targets set by the UN to promote HIV prevention, adding that the UK should "identify new priorities that, if achieved, could accelerate the falls in HIV transmission that are well underway".

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